L.Lissitzky and UNOVIS group
A MAJOR CONTRIBUTOR TO MODERN
worked as a painter, typographer, architect and designer.
Lissitzky grew up in Vitebsk,
the hometown of Chagall, and studied architecture in the Polytechnic school
in Darmstadt between 1909 and 1914.
He then went to Moscow where
he began to work as an architect. He also began to illustrate Jewish books
for children in 1917, at first in a style influenced by Chagall and produced
popular prints as well.
In 1919 he was appointed
professor of architecture and applied art at the art school in Vitebsk,
where Malevich was a colleague, and collaborated with him in the Unovis
He began to make abstract
pictures, which he called Prouns, as the interchange station between painting
and architecture. Lissitzky was sent to Berlin in 1921 to establish contacts
between artists in the USSR and Germany. There he met Schwitters, Moholy-Nagy,
van Doesburg and many others, and has his first one-man exhibition at the
Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, in 1923.
He also designed books and
periodicals with radical innovations in typography and photomontage. Lissitzky
went to Switzerland in 1924 and returned to Moscow a year later. He then
devoted himself to designing, periodicals and exhibition displays, including
an exhibition room for the Landesmuseum, Hanover, and the Soviet pavilions
for several international exhibitions. His works, mostly gouaches are now
worth between US $ 15,000 and 150,000.